Periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting tissues that support the teeth (gums) in order to maintain health, function and aesthetics of the mouth.
Periodontal disease is manifested as gingivitis (inflammation and bleeding of the gums when eating or when brushing the teeth without affecting the bone) or periodontitis, which includes bone destruction. Bone is an important tissue for the support of the teeth. If not stopped in time, these disease can cause tooth loss. It can be manifested by bleeding gums when eating or brushing and inflammation. Usually is not painful, and can produce bad breath (halitosis-malodor), gum recession (gum shrinkage) and mobility of the teeth.
The treatment consists of an initial phase in which scaling and root planing is made to eliminate the inflammation and stabilize the disease and later in some cases regenerate lost tissues using bone grafts or soft tissue graft.
Using soft tissue grafts we are able to recover the loss tissue. In addition, we achieve a higher soft tissue quality which is much more stable over time.